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Addressing Water Scarcity: A Major Worldwide Crisis

Raaz Maheshwari, Bina Rani, Ankita Garg, Magan Prasad

Abstract


Water is vital for the existence of life on earth; is a well known and well understood reality of life. One needs no explanation for this that without water one cannot imagine sustenance of life, had long been realized, since the beginning of civilizations. Steps to preserve and protect water resources are yet to be taken at the desired levels. It has therefore, become necessary to re-emphasize again and again to adopt appropriate technologies that can help recycle water. In recent times, to control the menace of water pollution, various legislations have been introduced by different countries. The legislations undertaken by the United States include Federal Water Pollution Control Act (1972), the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (1972) and the Safe Drinking Water Act (1974). Besides, Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act was also amended in 1988. For the success of these legislations, cooperation of the citizens and industrial units is an important prerequisite. In addition to the enforcement and proper use of these rules and regulations, availability of efficient and cheaper pollution control techniques is also required to tackle the threat posed by water pollution. This article aimed at bringing out certain aspects on which each and every one of us has to ponder and act seriously.

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