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Comparative Phytochemical Analysis of Ethanolic Percolation and Decoction Extracts Acacia catechu Stem

Neelam Singh, Madhulika Singh

Abstract


Since India with diverse culture is a rich source of traditional medicines originated from plants. Still higher plants are largely unexplored for potential source for new drugs. Thus generation of scientific data on plant derivatives will be of clinical use (Ray et al., 2006). A wide range of medicinal plant parts is used for extract as raw drugs and they possess varied medicinal properties. Acacia catechu Willd, belongs to the family – Fabaceae having 15- 20 feet height distributed in Asia ranging from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Thailand. This plant being rich source of various phytochemicals andwidely used for skin diseases and many other diseases in Ayurveda.The present investigation is about the comparative analysis of phytochemicals in ethanolic extracts of A.catechu stem obtained by percolation and decoction.The percentage yield of extracted phytochemicalswere reported to be 14.28% and 13.10% for percolation and decoction methods respectively when extracted with 80% ethanol was reported to be 14.28% and 13.10% respectively in stem powder of A. catechu. According to the results, both percolations and decoctions of A. catechu stem are contented with present of carbohydrates, tannins, phenols and saponins, though there is a slight difference in their richness when compare. Decoction extracts are little rich in carbohydrates and saponins in tests while percolation extract has a little rich amount of phenols. Both the extracts are devoid of alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids and glycosides. The differences in extraction method affect the yield of extraction. Such research could be explored in study of specific drug extraction their yield and quantification leads to establish a better understanding in development of phytochemotherapeutics in future.

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