Influence of knowledge in Information Communication Technology on Its compliance among Clinical Students in Ghana.

Jerome Addah, Benson B. Konlaan, Abubakari Yakubu


Building on prior research related to the relationship between ICT – compliance on one hand, and ICT – skills and utilization of
ICT on the other hand. This paper presents analysed results of the relationship between ICT-knowledge and ICT- compliance
among medical students undergoing clinical training at the School of Medicine and Health Sciences of the University for
Development Studies (SMHS), Tamale, Ghana. Self-structured pretested questionnaires that probe into the knowledge, skills,
attitudes and utilization of computers and IT were administered to all the 175 clinical students at the SMHS. Descriptive
statistics on their knowledge patterns were calculated, Pearson 􀟯􀬶 – test and logistic regression modelling were undertaken
respectively to measure degrees of association, and determine levels of influence of co-variables on the dependent variable
ICT-compliance. A total of 135 students returned their questionnaires, giving a response rate of 77.1%, responding
participants were aged between 22 and 28 the study revealed varying levels of ICT-knowledge among responding students,
while 36.5% had average knowledge of ICT, they were almost twice as many students with poor knowledge (41.4%) of ICT as
those who had good knowledge (22.1%) of ICT, and more ICT non-compliant students had good knowledge of ICT than ICTcompliant
students. More males had good knowledge of ICT than females. Only one of the variables measuring ICT –
knowledge had a significant influence in determining ICT-compliance. We therefore conclude that to improve ICT-compliance
complimentary efforts must be made at improving both ICT- knowledge and ICT – skills at the SMHS.


Knowledge of information communication technology, medical students, Ghana, Medical Education,

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